80% of the population have gum disease. Prolonged tartar build-up which is not removed will eventually cause inflammation of the gums; a disease called gingivitis. This causes the gums to look red rather than pink and may cause bleeding. Patients may notice blood on their toothbrush or in the sink when brushing their teeth. Simple treatment, as well as changes in hygiene habits will cure this disease. If left untreated, gingivitis may eventually progress to periodontitis, which is the dissolving of the bone around the teeth. The teeth then gradually become loose, and eventually fall out. This disease does not have any symptoms, therefore the patient is usually unaware. However, if you attend check-ups regularly, your dentist can detect the early signs of this disease and help prevent its progression.